Henry Gritten was born in London in 1818. He exhibited landscape paintings in London galleries during the period 1835 to 1849. He arrived in the United States by 1850, listing his address in Brooklyn, NY. He exhibited at the American Art Union (1850 to 1851) and the National Academy of Design (1850 to 1854). He is known to have painted New Hampshire scenes by the titles of two of his paintings exhibited at the National Academy of Design: Kearsarge Mountain (1850) and Recollection of New Hampshire Scenery (1851).
In 1853 he traveled to Australia to seek his fortune in the Victorian goldfields but soon returned to painting. His work was included in the first exhibition of Australian painting at the new National Gallery of Victoria in 1864. The Gallery acquired one of his landscapes in 1866. In 1870 he became a founding member of the Victorian Academy of Arts. Gritten died in 1873.